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Toenail Disorders Made Easy!

Toenail Disorders can cause some black, blue and very unsightly toenails. Toenails are the tough keratin that protects your toes. Although they are tough, they are not exempted to disorders.

Aside from being prone to traumas, nails of your toes can also contact disorders of different kinds and usually, such irregularities tells more about your overall health as it is can be associated into more complicated, systemic diseases.

In other words, unusual conditions of your toenails can mean inflammation or infection that needs to be checked my medical experts.

Some toenails disorders are common and less complicated but there are also uncommon and complicated ones.

So, get to know these toenail disorders and find out if you need some medical assistance or not.

Disorders of the Toenails:

  • Onychia

–          Sloughing of the nails with the appearance of pus leading to inflammation. This condition is the end result after the entrance of pathogenic microbes entered the body through minute openings such as wounds.

  • Onychodystrophy

–          A malformation of the toenail that includes discoloration brought about by chemotherapy.

  • Onychoryptosis

–          This occurs when a part of a nail cuts into the nail bed’s sides leading to inflammation. If left untreated, it further leads to infection. An intense pressure against the toes brought about by shoes or ground pressure is said to be the primary cause. Also, it is commonly known as “ingrown nails” and it can be very painful.

  • Onychomatricoma

–          suggested tumor of the nail matrix

  • Onycholysis

–          Is the slackening of the nail from the nail bed that runs up to the lunula. This disorder is commonly associated with trauma; nail fungi, allergic reactions to nail products, internal problems and infection.

  • onychomadesis
  • –          The nail is separated from the nail bed mostly caused by trauma to the matrix or infection. However, it should be taken for granted as it can be a sign of a severe illness aside from being a side effect of chemotherapy.

    • Paronychia

    –          The meeting of the skin and nail caused by fungal or bacterial infection.

    • Koilonychia

    –          The curvature of the nails upwards that resemble the shape of a spoon. Iron deficiency is pointed out as the reason for this condition.

    • Subungual Hematoma

    –          A blood formation under the nail as a result from injury and trauma. It is typically painful and uncomfortable but can be managed by draining the blood through a small incision through thermal cautery and drilling methods.

    • Melanonychia

    –          A brownish or blackish nail discoloration brought about by many causes such as traumas.

    • Nail Pemphigus

    –          is related to an auto-immune disease

    • erythronychia

    –          Red bands are formed in the toenails associated by inflammatory diseases.

    • Onychoptosis

    –          Partial or whole shredding of toenails in a repetitive cycle caused by drug reactions, trauma or even fever. Also, syphilis can also contribute to this toenail disorder.

    • Onychogryposis

    –          Toenails are thicker than normal as well as curves are beyond normal mostly caused when the matrix is injured. The great toe is the most common site for their condition however; it may affect other areas too. Heredity can also be a factor of this toenail disorder. In layman’s term, it is known as “ram’s-horn nail”.

    • Onychomycosis

    –          It can evident through chalkiness, thickening and discoloration of the nails. This condition is contagious and classified as infection. The nail can also be crumbling and strong medications are often required.

    Aside from the aforementioned disorders, there are also some changes of the toenails that need medical attention as it may be related to far advanced conditions.

    Nail Bed discoloration

    –           When discoloration of a toenail is present, it may suggest underlying diseases such as diabetes, liver and lymphatic problems is nail bed is yellowish. Heart conditions mostly results of reddish discolorations. And brownish ones are associated with poisoning (copper or arsenic) as well as local fungal infection.


    –          Psoriasis and folic acid, protein and ascorbic acid deficiencies mostly results in fraying and splitting toenails. While abnormal thickness suggests circulatory problems and brittle toenails are effects of thyroid problems, lack in iron and kidney problems.

    Shape and Texture

    –          Abnormal textures of the toenails also indicate systemic conditions. Spooning is associated with deficiency of vitamin b12 while stress is the main culprit of nail ridges. Nail pitting is brought about by psoriasis and clubbing can be a result of lack of oxygen and diseases of major internal organs.

    So if  you notice that your toenail shows some unusual variations, it is better to have it check as soon as possible to ensure that proper medical care.

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